He assumed that 12 1/2 per cent of the entire part of the community must be dedicated to parks. This meant that a town of 12,000 acres must have 1,500 acres of parks. For a city of 100,000 it suggested a typical public density of 8 1/3 persons per acre of community along with an allowance of just one acre of park area to 66 2/3 folks.
About one quarter of all the cities having park amenities satisfied the standard of one acre per hundred population; certain cities exceeded this standard considerably. Since 1940, the connection between park plus total population and recreation area continues to be a much less happy one. Recreational area within the legitimate boundaries of the bigger cities has enhanced as population continues to grow, but,
once the public of the surrounding suburbs :
was put into that of the main city, the accessible park area has lagged severely. The suburbs of a good many cities have didn’t bring park area to satisfy the own needs of theirs, and also have attempted to depend on the more mature parks of the main city. In 1956, the complete part of the city along with county parks was about three quarter million acres; a sufficient location by the above requirements will have been 2 million acres.2
It’s been recommended, nonetheless, which the common rule be altered, particularly for heavily populated urban areas. In cases that are many, it’s economically unachievable to achieve such standards. It’s been recommended inside an article, Proposed Standards for Recreational Facilities, ready with the Detroit Metropolitan Area Planning Commission (September 1959), which a single acre per 200 public is a fair standard in urban areas with populations more than 500,000, and possibly 1 acre per 300 public for urban areas over a thousand inhabitants.
It must be pointed out that building leisure amenities:
on the fringe of the city will help satisfy the realized deficiency in the bigger cities. This deviation from the common standard was used in Cleveland, for instance, where city planning commission has wanted a standard of 1 acre per 200 public.
While many cities have realized the standard of a single acre of leisure area per hundred population, there continues to be much variety of opinion regarding overall open space requirements. Efforts were made establishing the portion of recreation space required in relation to the region on the community. It’s been claimed that at least one tenth of the city’s acreage must be utilized for leisure. This kind of regular can’t be entirely satisfactory, nonetheless, since it doesn’t take into account the population density. No strict system can be prescribed; all particular recommendations and standards are subject to variations, circumstances, plus peculiarities of the area that involve the leisurely center.
Recreational standards are impacted by the cultural history age:
along with socio economic condition of the public, and these elements must be thoroughly analyzed to find out whether modification of any pair of suggested standards is desirable. Standards should not be blindly followed without considering adjustments since they’re predicated on the theoretically usual town which doesn’t occur. The criteria in this article really should be considered as the effort of departure and, as a result, they are able to provide a foundation for the smart advancement of neighborhood plans. Standards also have to be appraised from moment to time period, using the thought of adjusting them whenever changing conditions make modifications necessary. The investment in recreation facilities could be, and also has been, squandered because hometown preferences and customs weren’t provided adequate consideration.
the kind of recreation facilities being provided will depend:
on the level to which society has could be greeted by individual facilities or perhaps within residences. For instance, in several rural areas, the dimensions of residential living and lots areas is so that there’s minimal demand for a community playlot. On another hand, in a low income, high population density neighborhood where living room is in a high quality, playlots start to be very significant.
There’s general agreement among community planners:
as well as leisure authorities that thirty to fifty per cent of the entire recreation and park area of a community must be set aside for active recreation.3 According to the recommended standard of one acre per hundred population, it’s also been claimed that from twenty five to fifty per cent of the total room must be created for community consumption, with the leftover acreage in neighborhood, city wide, or maybe local facilities.
In comparing leisure requirements, it must be saved in your mind that all those recommended by the National Recreation Association are likely most relevant to smaller cities, instead towards the considerably more heavily populated urban centers. As shown in the samples provided in Table one, published requirements for municipal leisure have ranged from 4 acres per 1,000 population on the ten acres per 1,000 indicated by the NRA.